HIV Treatment Medications (ARVs)




When is the right time to start HIV medications (ARVs)? What treatment options are available for people living with HIV in Malaysia? In this video Dr. Raja Iskandar Shah Raja Azwa, Associate Professor in Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur gives his expert advise to Temanteman.org audience.




Dr. Sharifah Faridah Syed Omar, Consultant in Infectious Diseases and Senior Lecturer, Univerysity Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) explains about the baseline tests and the right time to start treatment for people living with HIV in Malaysia.




Why is to important to be adherence to your HIV medications and what are resistance issues, Prof. Dr. Raja Iskandar Shah Raja Azwa, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur gives his expert advise to Temanteman.org audience.

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基线评估里包含哪些实验室检测?
CD4计数检测计量血液样本中CD4细胞的数量。CD4细胞是人体免疫系统里对抗感染的细胞。艾滋病毒通过破坏CD4细胞而破坏人体免疫系统。人体免疫系统一旦受到破坏,人体就很难抵抗感染。抗逆转录病毒治疗(ART)阻止艾滋病毒破坏CD4细胞。

我们推荐所有艾滋病毒感染者进行抗逆转录病毒治疗,但对于CD4计数低并且快速下降的感染者,开始抗逆转录病毒治疗迫在眉睫。CD4计数下降意味着艾滋病毒正在扩散并破坏人体免疫系统。

CD4计数也可以用于监测抗逆转录病毒治疗所用药物的有效性。

病毒载量检测用于计量血液中含有多少病毒。艾滋病毒治疗的目标就是把人体内的病毒载量尽可能控制到低于可检测的程度。如果病毒载量高,那就需要尽快开始抗逆转录病毒治疗。

耐药性检测用于检测艾滋病毒药物对人体艾滋病毒病株的有效性。耐药性检测的结果用于指导艾滋病疗法的选择。

性病检测

同时感染另外一种性病会加快艾滋病感染,并增加传播给其他性伴侣的风险。性病检测有助于及时检测和治疗其他性病感染状况。

基线评估还包括一些其他的检测,如血细胞数,肾功能和肝功能检测,肝炎检测等。

请访问我们的网站 TemanTeman.orgFacebook.com/TemanTemanMY 以获得更多关于艾滋病毒/艾滋病的信息。