What is Hepatitis C and how is treated? Dr. Sharifah Faridah Syed Omar
, Consultant in Infectious Diseases and Senior Lecturer, Univerysity Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) explains in this video.
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“Hepatitis” just means inflammation of the liver. Inflammation is a natural reaction of the body to an injury or an infection. For example, hepatitis can be caused by an infection like with the hepatitis C virus, or by drinking too much alcohol. Some medicines can also cause hepatitis.
When hepatitis is caused by a virus, it’s called viral hepatitis.
The viruses that cause hepatitis include the hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses.
Hepatitis C is transmitted through blood-to-blood contact, for example through:
- Exposure to blood and blood products that are contaminated with hepatitis C, if the blood has not been tested first.
- Sharing equipment for injecting drugs like heroin.
- Unclean tattooing and piercing.
- Use of unclean or reused medical materials, like if you get a medicine injection using a syringe that was used for someone else before.
- Sharing razors, which could have tiny amounts of blood on them.
- Having unprotected sex, and
- From a mother to her baby, during pregnancy or delivery.
SOURCE: "Life Loves the Liver Project", TREAT Asia