Hepatitis A A型肝炎

“Hepatitis” just means inflammation of the liver. Inflammation is a natural reaction of the body to an injury or an infection. For example, hepatitis can be caused by an infection like with the hepatitis C virus, or by drinking too much alcohol. Some medicines can also cause hepatitis.

When hepatitis is caused by a virus, it’s called viral hepatitis.

The viruses that cause hepatitis include the hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses.

Hepatitis A is transmitted through contaminated food and water. It is usually not a dangerous infection, and there is a vaccine you can get to prevent it.

Hepatitis A can cause a short-term (or acute) illness, which normally lasts 10 to 14 days. It has no long-term, or chronic, phase. You can normally expect to get better without any special treatment, and once you have had hepatitis A you cannot get it again.

Hepatitis A is spread by contact with infected human faeces (shit). Contamination of food, drinking water and ice cubes is a common route of transmission, but it can also be passed on during sex, particularly by rimming (oral-anal contact).

You might be sick because of hepatitis A for longer if you have HIV, and having hepatitis A may also mean that you have to stop taking your HIV drugs or other medicines for a time. This is because many medicines are broken down by the liver. When the liver is inflamed because of hepatitis A, it is unable to process medicines properly, meaning that the chance of experiencing side-effects is increased.

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SOURCE: "Life Loves the Liver Project", TREAT Asia