What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?

艾滋病毒和艾滋病之间有什么区别?Dr. Raja Iskandar Shah Raja Azwa explains about the difference between HIV and AIDS.

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What is the Difference Between HIV and AIDS? HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.

H - Human: because this virus can only infect human beings.

I - Immuno-deficiency: because the effect of the virus is to create a deficiency, a failure to work properly, within the body’s immune system.

V - Virus: because this organism is a virus, which means one of its characteristics is that it is incapable of reproducing by itself. It reproduces by taking over the machinery of the human cell.

A - Acquired: because it’s a condition one must acquire or get infected with; not something transmitted through the genes

I - Immune: because it affects the body’s immune system, the part of the body which usually works to fight off germs such as bacteria and viruses

D - Deficiency: because it makes the immune system deficient (makes it not work properly)

S - Syndrome: because someone with AIDS may experience a wide range of different diseases and opportunistic infections.

AIDS is the name used to describe a combination of potentially life-threatening infections and cancers that can develop in people who have HIV.

Over time, infection with HIV damages the immune system, This means that the body cannot fight off a number of serious infections and cancers, which are sometimes called ‘AIDS-defining’.

Just because you are diagnosed with an AIDS-defining illness doesn’t mean that you are going to die. Many of these illnesses can be cured or managed. Treatment with combinations of anti-HV drugs can keep the immune system strong, and because of this the number of people who are diagnosed with AIDS has fallen. Thanks to effective HIV treatment, many people who developed AIDS are now very well and can look forward to a long and healthy life.


Dr. Chow Ting Soo, Consultant Physician and Infectious Disease Physician, Hospital Pulau Pinang.

人一旦感染了艾滋病毒,病毒就会感染和破坏血液中的细胞(称为CD4细胞)。CD4细胞担负着抵抗感染的职责,在人类免疫系统中起着关键作用。如果您知道 自己感染了艾滋病毒,医生就可以为您进行定期血液检测,查看您的免疫系统功能是否正常。检测会测量您血液中的CD4细胞的数量(即您的CD4细胞计数)以 及艾滋病毒的数量(病毒载量)。医生就能判断什么时候应该为您开始进行艾滋病毒治疗,通常治疗为抗艾滋病毒药物组合使用。治疗能够提高您的CD4细胞计数 并降低您的病毒载量。

谨记:进行艾滋病毒检测对于您的健康、您的伴侣、您的生活和 您的未来很重要。事实上,艾滋病毒是可预防的,您可以减低或消除自己的感染风险。进行早期检测就可以尽早开始治疗,获得更好的治疗效果。很多病毒感染者通 过早期检测和适当的治疗都能够活得很久,并且过着正常的生活,因为科学和艾滋病毒治疗领域取得了很大的发展。

如果您担心自己可能感染艾滋病毒,马上就进行检测吧。确诊得越早,您保持健康和正常寿命的机会越高。进行艾滋病毒检测就意味着,如果您被确诊为艾滋病毒阳 性,您可以在感染对自己的身体和健康产生过多损害之前开始接受治疗。这就是“早期诊断”。进行艾滋病毒检测很重要,因为未经诊断的艾滋病毒感染者可能很长 一段时间都自我感觉很健康,但实际上病毒感染会严重侵害他们的身体。而且他们还可能把病毒传染给他人。